The “twelve step tradition” was devised in the 1930s by Bill Wilson and Dr Bob Smith in Akron, Ohio (USA). Through the 12 steps Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) was birthed, a programme to help alcoholics on the road to recovery. In 1953, AA gave Narcotics Anonymous (NA) permission to use the 12 steps and since then the 12 steps have helped numerous other groups tackling various addictions and compulsions.
Through the 12 steps, people with alcohol and drug addiction seek the help of God (as they understand him) to overcome their addiction.
They recognise their own powerlessness to overcome the addiction. Recovery starts at this point, moving on to reconciliation both with God and fellow man and the use of prayer and meditation
These are the original Twelve Steps as published by Alcoholics Anonymous:
1. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol – that our lives had become unmanageable.
2. Came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.
3. Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him.
4. Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.
5. Admitted to God, to ourselves, and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.
6. Were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character.
7. Humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings.
8. Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all.
9. Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.
10. Continued to take personal inventory, and when we were wrong, promptly admitted it.
11. Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God as we understood Him, praying only for knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out.
12. Having had a spiritual awakening as the result of these steps, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics, and to practice these principles in all our affairs.